London is still the major FX trading venue globally, therefore, with the UK’s holiday season extending to what’s termed a “bank holiday” on Monday, trading volume in FX and metals markets is likely to be significantly reduced throughout Monday’s normally two distinct trading sessions. Thereafter, the fundamental economic calendar events likely to move our markets, will come thick and fast from Tuesday onwards.
This coming week we have some of the major data releases published in our calendar. For example; PMIs, the non farm employment figures and the release of the FOMC’s minutes, concerning the December rise of the USA base rate by 0.25%. Notwithstanding these events there’s other issues, percolating in the background, which still have the capacity to shock as a consequence of sudden, or unexpected outlier information and any ongoing decisions made.
The Italian banking crisis still haunts the markets; whilst the Italian government’s intervention appears to have plugged one of the leaking gaps at Monte Dei Paschi, it must be noted that estimates suggest the Italian banking system still has circa €300 billion of NPLs (non performing loans) in their portfolio, €200 billion of which many analysts believe can never be paid back. Theoretically this issue as bigger than Lehman and its MBS (mortgage backed securities) scandal and crisis, yet investors and market commentators appear to be adopting a conciliatory attitude, as a dangerous form of complacency takes hold.
The UK’s Brexit issue is likely to resurface in January, as many European ministers will begin to demand some consistency and a timetable for exit. The relatively benign business environment, the stronger euro and the bullish end of 2016 for European equity markets, have bought the UK’s government time. However, the patience of many European finance ministers was wearing thin in December and the UK’s prime minister painted herself into a corner in late 2016, by insisting a timetable for exit would begin to take place in late January. The focus on sterling will then once again return.
In less than three weeks there’ll be the inauguration of the 45th president of the USA. The Trump markets bounce dovetailed perfectly with the (now reliable as clockwork) Santa rally, but the honeymoon period may be short lived. There’s still certain data emanating from the USA economy suggesting that the enthusiasm for Trump’s potential policies is misguided and that markets and the dollar’s worth has peaked. Combined with the end of the 35 year bull run in USA bonds, 2017 could prove to be as interesting and challenging a trading year as recent years. And by the time Chinese New Year is upon us on January 28th, we may begin to evaluate what direction these three leading issues are headed in.
Markit Economics PMIs
China starts the monthly PMIs publication on Sunday; manufacturing and non manufacturing reports are both published. On Tuesday we receive the final December manufacturing PMI for the Eurozone. The UK’s construction and manufacturing PMIs are published on Tuesday. The ISM manufacturing survey for the USA gets released in the afternoon. On Wednesday PMI service data is released, the Eurozone reading for December at 09:00 (GMT), the UK services report at 9:30, then the USA service sector PMI in the afternoon.
The monthly non-farm payroll numbers for the USA are released on Friday. After the Fed raised the base rate in December, suggesting several rate rises for 2017, the figure may either support, or hinder the Fed’s commitment to rises rates further, based on their assessment of a strong economy underpinned by robust employment numbers. Analysts polled anticipate a figure of 178K jobs added in December, with the unemployment rate revealed later in the afternoon, to have possibly ticked up by 0.1% to 4.7%. The NFP jobs data is due out at 13:30 on Friday, one hour before the USA markets open.
Wednesday sees the release of the minutes from the recent Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) December meeting, when they raised the rate by 25 basis points. Minutes from that meeting may reveal how united members are and when the next rate hike can be expected. There is some disagreement in analyst circles as to whether it’ll be two of three rate rises in 2017.
Economic Calendar events for the coming week (all times quoted are London times)
Sunday, 1st January
01:00 – China manufacturing & non-manufacturing PMIs
Monday, 2nd January
22:30 – Australia AIG manufacturing index
Tuesday, 3rd January
08:15 – Spanish manufacturing PMI
08:45 – Italian manufacturing PMI
08:55 – German unemployment data, final manufacturing PMI
09:00 – Eurozone final manufacturing PMI
09:30 – UK construction and manufacturing PMIs
13:00 – German CPI inflation
15:00 – US ISM manufacturing PMI
Wednesday, 4th January
00:01 – BRC shop price index
08:00 – Spanish unemployment data
08:15 – Spanish services PMI
08:45 – Italian services PMI
08:50 – French final services PMI
08:55 – German final services PMI
09:00 – Eurozone final services PMI
09:30 – UK services PMI, net lending to individuals, mortgage approvals
10:00 – Eurozone flash CPI inflation estimate
13:15 – US ADP Nonfarm employment change
15:00 – US ISM non-manufacturing PMI
15:30 – US crude oil inventories
19:00 – FOMC meeting minutes
Thursday, 5th January
08:15 – Swiss CPI inflation
10:00 – Eurozone producer price inflation
13:30 – US weekly unemployment data
Friday, 6th January
07:00 – German factory orders, retail sales
13:30 – US non-farm payrolls, trade balance
15:00 – Canadian PMI
15:00 – US factory orders