What is carry trade in Forex?

What is carry trade in Forex?

Jun 19 • Forex Trading Articles • 399 Views • Comments Off on What is carry trade in Forex?

Probably, every trader at least once in his life dreamed of a strategy that would make it possible to make a profit with any price movement. It is enough just to open one position and make money. This option seems like a fairy tale, but this is an erroneous opinion. Of course, there are a lot of reservations, but this option is still possible.

As for those very reservations, we would mention, at a minimum, the need for a large deposit, as well as a certain amount at hand to replenish the deposit at a certain moment (we will analyze this a little later). Otherwise, you can make one position and get a profit. At the same time, we will not even be interested in the direction of price movement.

If this trading style does not suit you, you can always choose a more familiar strategy.

Carry Trade is considered as “portable trading” or “open and hold” and is fundamentally different from other Forex trading methods. It was especially popular in the 80s of the last century and provided passive income by opening a maximum of two transactions for a long time.

How does the strategy work?

Usually, the details of carry trade contain the theory of the formation of discount rates, the problems of clearing international export/import transactions and other certainly useful information for the general development of the trader. Everything is much simpler and is based on one basic element – a currency swap.

So, a swap is a commission charged for transferring an open trade to the next trading day. Two operations take place with the position: closing at 00:00 UMT with the simultaneous opening of a new one. This is how a swap looks from a trader’s point of view; the current values ​​can be found in the MetaTrader trading terminal.

Suppose, the current data shows that for long (buy) positions, the swap is positive and negative for short (sell) positions. From the broker’s point of view, it is the difference in discount rates for buy and sell transactions of a currency pair and is calculated as follows:

  • If before 21:00 UMT the discount rate on the currency pair is lower after 21:00 UMT, then the swap is positive and is credited to the trader’s deposit.
  • Accordingly, if the rate was higher before 21:00 UMT, we get a negative swap, which is debited in favor of the dealing center.
  • Additionally, the broker adds its commission.

Thus, medium- and long-term traders can receive both additional income and cumulative loss from carry trades. If a position is open for major currency pairs and is held for no more than 1-2 weeks, then swaps do not significantly impact the final result. If longer, then in an unfavorable situation, they can take a significant part of the profit. This is worth remembering for traders who practice position locking or use grid trading strategies.

In general, terms, making a passive profit using the carry trade method looks like this:

  • We open positions only in the direction of positive swaps, and they should be such for an average of at least 2-3 months.
  • We receive commissions from the broker at the beginning of the day. In the example above, this is 1.25% of the buy trade at NZD / USD.
  • If the market situation remains stable, continue to hold positions open.

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